Mining Intelligence and News
South Africa

Galaxy Mine

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Mine TypeUnderground
  • Gold
Mining Method
  • Mechanized Cut & Fill
  • Longhole stoping
Backfill type ... Lock
Production Start... Lock
Mine Life... Lock
SnapshotGalaxy Gold is one of the oldest mining operations in South Africa with the discovery of gold by Jack Greaves in 1888.

In 2023, Golconda continues to execute the Galaxy Property development plan, which is expected to result in an increased annual production over the next three years to 27,000 payable ounces of gold. The Company completed the reclamation of the Old Mill Sands slimes dump in Q1 2023 following which rehabilitation of the area was finished during Q2 2023.

Mining and processing operations were impacted in Q4 2023 and 2023 due to flooding of the Princeton Decline below 17 Level in the early part of the year, low equipment availabilities and labour disruptions from two unprotected strikes at the Galaxy Property.

May 17, 2024 - Golconda Gold Ltd. is pleased to announce that it has commenced mining at, and delivered its first ore to the processing plant, from Princeton Top, a key step in its development plan to significantly increase production at its Galaxy Gold Mine.


Golconda Gold Ltd. 74.7 % Indirect
The remaining 17% of the shares of Galaxy Gold Mining (Pty) Limited (formerly, Galaxy Gold Mining Limited, “Galaxy”) were donated to the Phakamani Foundation Trust (operating as Phakamani Foundation NPC) on March 19, 2019. The donation was made in relation to the BEE Requirement.

The remaining 10% of the shares of Galaxy Gold Reefs (Pty) Ltd. were donated to a South African community-based trust and a South African local employee share scheme on March 19, 2019, with each receiving 5% of the shares. The donation was made in relation to the BEE Requirement.



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Deposit type

  • Mesothermal


The Galaxy Gold Mine targets gold mineralisation of the Archaean BGB, which is world-renowned for its gold content. Gold mineralisation generally occurs as shear-hosted, mesothermal deposits hosted within various lithologies of the Barberton Supergroup, with mines largely located in close proximity to major regional faults, such as the Sheba, Lily and Barbrook faults (Anhaeusser, 2012).

As per Anhaeusser (2012), the gold deposits of the BGB can be subdivided into three main types:
1. Sulphide ore that is unoxidized and complex. This ore accounts for the majority of production in the area to date;
2. Gold-bearing quartz veins and shears. These ores contain negligible amounts of sulphides minerals, but are common throughout the area; and
3. Weathered ore that occurs in oxidized zones. This ore historically represented the main gold source.

The deposits are associated with multi-episodic structural influences amplified by granite emplacement, causing greenschist to amphibolite grade metamorphism. Auriferous fluids migrated into brittle-ductile fractures and shear zones, pronounced in deformed Fig Tree and Moodies sediments along the north-western flank of the BGB associated with the Ulundi and Eureka synclines (Anhaeusser, 2012).

Mineralisation in the area is structurally controlled, with gold mineralisation appearing to be controlled by subtle secondary structures associated with the Giles Shear. Gold and pyrite are generally dispersed throughout the laminated siltstones, with higher grades being found in quartz carbonate veins cutting the laminated siltstones at a high angle. Mineralisation is also found within an Archaean BIF of the BGB, which forms the non-continuous base of the Fig Tree Group. BIF boudinages are separated by fuchsitically altered ultramafic rocks in the south and in the north by younging interbedded greywackes and shales of the Fig Tree Group (Meadon, 2010).

Over 20 separate reefs and zones of mineralisation form part of a widespread and complex gold mineralised system. On surface, the system extends over 6 km in length and 600 m in width. The Mine comprises several gold orebodies of the BGB located on four main structural lines, as described in Item 7 (b). The Woodbine, Giles, Galaxy, Golden Hill, Agnes Top, Pioneer & Tiger Trap, Ivy and Princeton orebodies form the highpriority focus of this Report. GGR is also targeting the Ivy and Ceska Shaft Pillars, as well as gold contained in the historical TSFs of the area, including Biox North TSF, Alpine Pioneer TSF, Woodbine East TSF, Woodbine North TSF, Woodbine South TSF, Hostel East TSF and Hostel West TSF.

The narrow tabular orebodies (Giles, Woodbine, Agnes, Alpine) show good geological continuity along strike length. Mineralisation occurs throughout the orebodies with variable grades. The orebodies are continuous along strike. Distinct pay shoots are encountered, such as at Princeton. The BIF style orebodies tends to pinch and swell. The ultramafic hosted orebodies show similar structural controls.



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Mining Methods


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Crushers and Mills


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The Galaxy Property entered commercial production on October 1, 2021.
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Operational metrics

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Production Costs

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Heavy Mobile Equipment


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Mine Management

Job TitleNameProfileRef. Date
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Jul 5, 2024
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Aerial view:


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