Madagascar

Fort Dauphin (QMM) Operation

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Categories

Overview

Mine TypeOpen Pit
Commodities
  • Titanium
  • Zircon
Mining Method
  • Dredging
  • Dry mining
Production Start... Lock
Mine Life40 years (as of Jan 1, 2022)
ShapshotIlmenite mined in Fort Dauphin (QMM) operations is being processed in Canada.

QMM is a world-class ilmenite mining project. Ilmenite is a major source of titanium dioxide that is predominantly used as a white pigment in products such as paint and paper. QMM also produces zirsill.
Related Asset

Owners

SourceSource
CompanyInterestOwnership
Government of Madagascar 20 % Indirect
Rio Tinto plc 80 % Indirect
QIT Madagascar Minerals (QMM) is 80 per cent owned by Rio Tinto and 20 per cent owned by the Government of Madagascar.

On August 23, 2023, Rio Tinto and the Government of Madagascar reached agreement on the future fiscal arrangements for QIT Madagascar Minerals (QMM) and renewed their long-term partnership for the sustainable operation of the QMM mine in Fort Dauphin, Madagascar.

The new agreement was confirmed by the High Constitutional Court of Madagascar on 8 August 2023 and signed by the parties on 22 August 2023.

Under the terms of the agreement, there will be an increase in the royalty rate from 2% to 2.5% and QMM will issue its first dividend to the Government of Madagascar in 2023.

The State will now hold a 15% free carry ownership of QMM and maintain its 20% voting right, with no obligation to contribute to capital funding or exposure to dilution.

Contractors

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Deposit type

  • Sediment-hosted
  • Mineral sands

Summary:

The heavy mineral sand deposit area extends over 70 km of the coastal zone surrounding Fort Dauphin. Three deposits of heavy mineral sands, Mandena, Sainte Luce, and Petriky, have been identified within its boundaries. Currently, only the Mandena deposit is being mined.

QIT Madagascar Minerals S.A. (QMM) is a JV ilmenite mining project. It consists of three deposits that will be mined sequentially (Mandena, Ste Luce and Petriky). The Mandena, Petriky and Sainte Luce heavy mineral sand deposits are located in the Fort-Dauphin region on the south-eastern tip of Madagascar.

The Fort-Dauphin beach sand placer is located in Flandrian Dunes surrounded by the Vohimena Mountains and the Indian Ocean in South-East of Madagascar Island. The placer contributes 2/3 of the total heavy mineral resources of this country.

In the studied region there are igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary formations. The igneous formation occupies majority part of the Fort-Dauphin region and consists of the Vohimena and the Anosyenne Mountains granitic complexes. The essential compositions of the granitic complex are charnockite and garnet - biotite granite with few dozen meter of lenses containing apatite-biotite, zircon and large crystal of monazite. The Anosyenne granite is composed of ilmenite, monazite and magnetite (Andriamanantena, 2008). The coastal sedimentary formation consists of heavy minerals transported from eroded Anosyenne granite. Due to the potassium feldspar alteration, greenish yellow color is observed along the formation (Lacroix, 1922). The metamorphic formation in this area is characterized by the banded gneiss with biotite, cordierite, spinel, sillimanite, garnet, orthoclase and plagioclase (Bazot, 1974). The placer is very rich in titanium mineral accompanied with minerals bearing natural radioactive and heavy elements.

The major minerals of the deposit are monazite, zircon, quartz, garnet, spinel, sillimanite as non-refractory minerals; ilmenite, anatase, rutile, titanite, leucoxene, pseudorutile and as a refractory one. The average concentration of the ilmenite, monazite, zircon and other minerals is 66.72%, 2.3%, 2.8%, and 28.18% respectively. Ilmenite contains 63 wt.% of TiO2, Zircon - 44 wt.% of ZrO2, Monazite contains 53 wt.% of oxide rare earth elements (REE) and up to 2 wt.% of UO2 and 9 wt.% of ThO2.

Reserves

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Mining Methods

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Comminution

Crushers and Mills

Milling equipment has not been reported.

Processing

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Production

CommodityUnits2024202320222021202020192018
Titanium dioxide kt 0000000000000000000000000001,116  *
All production numbers are expressed as slag. ^ Guidance / Forecast.
* Combined production for Lac Tio (Havre St-Pierre) Mine, Fort Dauphin (QMM) Operation and Richards Bay Minerals (RBM) Mine

Production Costs

Commodity production costs have not been reported.

Heavy Mobile Equipment

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Personnel

Mine Management

Source Source
Job TitleNameProfileRef. Date
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required May 21, 2024
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required May 21, 2024
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required May 21, 2024
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required May 21, 2024
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Jul 18, 2023
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required May 21, 2024

EmployeesYear
Subscription required 2023
Subscription required 2020

Aerial view:

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