United States

Gold Springs Project

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Mine TypeOpen Pit
StagePreliminary Economic Assessment
  • Gold
  • Silver
Mining Method
  • Truck & Shovel / Loader
Mine Life... Lock


Gold Springs Resource Corp. 100 % Direct
The Gold Springs property is held by Gold Springs, LLC (GSLLC), a Nevada limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of GRC-US, a Delaware corporation whose name was changed from TriMetals Mining Inc. (TMI-US) on November 4, 2019. Prior to March 17, 2014, GRC was known as South American Silver Corp. and acquired 100% ownership of TMI-US through its acquisition of High Desert Gold Corporation, a Canadian corporation (“HDG”), on December 20, 2013. HDG, GRC-US and Gold Springs, LLC. are now wholly owned subsidiaries of GRC.

Deposit type

  • Vein / narrow vein
  • Breccia pipe / Stockwork
  • Epithermal


Gold mineralization on the Gold Springs project is characterized by structurally controlled vein and stockwork systems that are laterally extensive forming wide corridors of mineralization that are traceable over a strike length of several kilometres. The structural zones are a combination of Basin and Range through-going faults and ring fracture systems associated with caldera margins. Within these structurally prepared zones, mineralization takes the form of discreet veins, breccias, sheeted vein zones, stockwork veins, and zones of disseminations. The veins exhibit quartz, adularia, and low sulfide contents that are typical of a deposit type referred to as “low-sulfidation epithermal deposits” (Robert, et al., 2007).

Mineralization in the Gold Springs area is characterized by large through-going structural corridors hosting veins, breccias, and disseminated gold and silver mineralization in altered rocks. These are generally north-striking faults and structures that are the primary control for the low sulfidation-type gold bearing quartz veins, with subsidiary northeast and northwest striking veins also noted in the target areas. In addition, caldera margins, collapse features, and breccias provide areas of structural preparation and host mineralization within the Grey Eagle resource area. Andesite and latite flows are the primary host rocks to the gold-silver mineralization in the district and were intercepted during drilling conducted by GSLLC at the North Jumbo, South Jumbo, Thor, State Section, Midnight, Grey Eagle, and White Point target areas.

In general, the gold mineralization in the Gold Springs area consists of structurally controlled quartzadularia +/-calcite veins, hydrothermal breccias, and associated stockwork and sheeted veins, in addition to broad areas of disseminated mineralization. Host rocks adjacent to the veins and stockwork zones are variably silicified and exhibit sericitic (illite), argillic, and propylitic alteration in a general progression away from the major vein structures. Mineralization also occurs in the Gold Springs rhyolite ash-flow tuff that locally overlies the andesites, and here the mineralization occurs as stockworks surrounded by broad areas of sericitic (illite) alteration associated with the presence of fluorite. There are at least two distinct episodes of gold mineralization observed in the project area.

The dominant orientation for vein systems in the District is north-northwest to north-northeast with variable dips to the east and west. Individual veins may be segmented and occur in a regional belt or zones of mineralization that trend north to south. On a local scale, there are some distinct differences observed in the styles of mineralization between the North Jumbo, South Jumbo, Thor, and Grey Eagle zones, which are described below in detail in the following section for each of the target areas.

Within the vein zones, quartz is generally coarse-grained crystalline and appears in crustiform, colloform banding, comb, and pseudomorphs of bladed carbonate forms. The quartz veins are generally white to light grey and greenish in color. Multiple episodes of veining are evident from the replacement textures and the different varieties of vein material being crosscut by subsequent veins.

Sulfides are uncommon in the veins and generally constitute <1% of the veins, but when observed, they typically occur as pyrite, predominantly in the Jumbo Trend. Pyrite is observed disseminated throughout lateral or vertical zones within the host matrix or as blocky or equant crystals along fracture surfaces. Gangue minerals include calcite (with occasional iron and/or manganese carbonates), fluorite, and locally abundant amounts of adularia.

The Jumbo-South Jumbo zones, referred to generally as the Jumbo Trend, is defined as a prominent northsouth striking structural zone of veins, stockworks and breccias that cut altered and mineralized andesites and latites. The Grey Eagle resource is characterized by numerous veins cutting hematite-altered andesites. A younger stage of mineralization in the Gold Springs caldera consists of pipe-like bodies that cut the rhyolite dome and intra-caldera flows where gold mineralization is associated with late stage hematite and fluorite in breccias that form pipe- like bodies. An example of this is the Pope and Charlie Ross areas where gold mineralization occurs in stockworks, fractures, and veins cutting welded tuffs on the margins of the Gold Springs caldera.



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Mining Methods


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Crushers and Mills

Milling equipment has not been reported.



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CommodityUnitsAvg. AnnualLOM
Silver oz 605,2684,842,140
All production numbers are expressed as metal in doré.

Operational metrics

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Stripping / waste ratio  ....  Subscribe
* According to 2020 study.

Production Costs

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All-in sustaining costs (AISC) Gold USD  ....  Subscribe
Assumed price Silver USD  ....  Subscribe
Assumed price Gold USD  ....  Subscribe
* According to 2020 study / presentation.
** Net of By-Product.

Operating Costs

OP mining costs ($/t mined) USD 1.47 *  
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Processing costs ($/t milled) USD  ....  Subscribe
* According to 2020 study.

Project Costs

MetricsUnitsLOM Total
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OP OpEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Processing OpEx $M USD 178.1
G&A costs $M USD 50
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Gross revenue (LOM) $M USD  ......  Subscribe
After-tax Cash Flow (LOM) $M USD  ......  Subscribe
After-tax NPV @ 5% $M USD  ......  Subscribe
After-tax NPV @ 10% $M USD  ......  Subscribe
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Heavy Mobile Equipment


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Mine Management

Job TitleNameEmailProfileRef. Date
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Jun 23, 2020
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Jun 23, 2020
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required ........... Subscription required Nov 10, 2023

Aerial view:


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