Saudi Arabia

Al Amar Mine

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Mine TypeUnderground
  • Gold
  • Copper
  • Zinc
Mining Method
  • Longhole open stoping
Backfill type ... Lock
Production Start... Lock
Mine Life... Lock
ShapshotAl Amar Mine is an underground mine with a Carbon-In-Leach processing facility, producing Dore and Copper and Zinc concentrates for export to international markets.


Maaden Saudi Arabian Mining Co. 100 % Indirect
Maaden Gold and Base Metals Company (operator) 100 % Direct
Ma’aden Gold and Base Metals company (MGBM) is a wholly owned subsidiary of Maaden Saudi Arabian Mining Co. (Ma’aden), operates five gold mines, i.e. Mahd Ad-Dahab, Al-Amar, Bulghah, As-Suq and Ad-Duwayhi and a processing plant at Sukhaybarat.

Deposit type

  • Vein / narrow vein
  • Breccia pipe / Stockwork


Rocks of the Al Amar region are part of the Ar Rayn Terrane, a regional tectono-stratigraphic unit. This unit is separated from the western Abt Schist Belt by the regional Al Amar-Idas fault. Rocks of the Ar Rayn Terrane are overlain by Paleozoic sedimentary rocks to the northeast and south.

The deposit is located in a north-south trending belt of felsic to mafic volcanic rocks comprising the Al Amar Group. Rocks of the Al Amar Group are transitional in composition from tholeiitic to calc- alkaline. The rocks are comprised of volcanics, submarine exhalatives, carbonates and cherts. The Al Amar Group rocks are intruded by granodiorite, trondhjemite, gabbro and quartz diorite rocks coeval or following tectonism of the group dated at 700Ma to 600Ma. Post tectonic granites dating 580Ma also intrude the Al Amar rocks. The metamorphic grade of rocks in this region ranges from lower greenschist facies to the west and amphibolite facies to the east.

Structurally the Al Amar Group rocks have been subjected to complex folding and faulting. Predominant structures trend north-south and northeast-southwest. Structures at the Al Amar deposit are dominated by northwest-southeast and west northwest-east southeast fault systems and are associated with mineralisation.

Three spatially discrete zones of mineralisation have been identified at Al Amar. The main mineralised zone is the North Vein Zone (the “NVZ”). This zone strikes east-west with a dip of 69° to 80° to the south. The NVZ has been identified extending 550m along strike and to a depth of 350m. The zone is reported to be 10m to 45m wide. Mineralisation in this zone has been interpreted to occupy a tension fracture system developed late during deformation processes. It is hosted by progressively higher stratigraphic units from east to west. Two sub-parallel vein systems have been identified within the zone. The vein systems occur as a series of sub-vertical, discontinuous quartz veins up to 0.5m thick associated with sub- massive sphalerite, pyrite and minor chalcopyrite mineralisation. The Footwall Vein (“FWV”) is characterized by high copper values, high zinc and sporadic high gold values. Contrastingly the Hanging Wall Vein (“HWV”) is associated with moderate copper, zinc and gold values and elevated lead levels. Mineralisation is open laterally and at depth. A northeast-southwest trending fault cuts off mineralisation to the west.

The Stockwork Zone (“SZ”) and South Vein Zones (“SVZ”) are comprised of irregular stockwork and discontinuous vein systems respectively. Both zones are hosted in Unit 3. Mineralisation in the SZ is similar to mineralisation in the NVZ. The SVZ is associated with talc carbonate beds. The SVZ occurs in a wide fault zone 20m to 30m wide. This zone is structurally complex and shows little continuity along strike or down dip.

Rocks of the Al Amar deposit comprise a volcanic sequence starting at the footwall of the main zone of mineralisation. The units are outlined below:

UNIT 1: A massive basal unit comprising mafic to intermediate pyroclastic rocks including agglomerate, crystal and lapilli tuffs. The unit is pyritised and highly competent;

UNIT 2: A sequence of coarse rhyolite pyroclastic rocks associated with jasper, chert and fine grained tuff units. The top portion of the unit is characterised by coarse agglomerate with siliceous interstitial filling;

UNIT 3: Felsic to intermediate pyroclastic rocks. Highly carbonitised and silicified. Locally talcose, shearing and fractures associated with talcose lenses;

UNIT 4: Finely bedded volcaniclastic siltstone and gritstone with minor tuff and carbonate beds. Minor gypsum stringers;

UNIT 5: Coarse volcaniclastic rocks with large volcaniclastics in a carbonitised matrix.

The Al Amar deposit is cut by numerous intermediate to mafic dykes that are believed to post date mineralisation. A prominent dyke ranging from 10m to 20m in width with a north-south (mine grid) strike and a 60° east dip separates mineralisation to the east and west. Displacement along the dyke is reported at 1m to 2m.

The main mineralization, North Vein Zone, strikes east-west and dips steeply south with a strike length of 550 metres to a depth of 350 metres. Mineralization remains open laterally and at depth but a fault truncates the mineralized zone to the west. The zone is 10 to 45 metres wide, within which two vein systems have been identified, the hanging wall vein and the foot wall vein. These veins comprise a series of sub-vertical, discontinuous quartz veins up to 0.5 metres thick associated with sub-massive sphalerite and pyrite and minor chalcopyrite.



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Gold oz  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe27,77230,33145,10943,82044,029
All production numbers are expressed as metal in doré.

Operational metrics

Annual ore mining rate 200 kt
Ore tonnes mined 247,867 t250,060 t252,080 t
Waste 65,160 t84,680 t72,240 t
Tonnes milled 266,102 t255,987 t223,431 t

Production Costs

Commodity production costs have not been reported.


Capital expenditures M SAR
Revenue M SAR 219.7  
Gross profit M SAR

Heavy Mobile Equipment

Fleet data has not been reported.


Mine Management

Job TitleNameProfileRef. Date
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Sep 7, 2023

Total WorkforceYear
...... Subscription required 2018
...... Subscription required 2013

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