Mexico

La Colorada Mine

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Overview

Mine TypeOpen Pit
StageResidual leach
Commodities
  • Gold
  • Silver
Mining Method
  • Truck & Shovel / Loader
Production Start... Lock
Mine Life2027
ShapshotLa Colorada consists of two open pit operations. The two pits are El Creston, the higher grade of the two pits, and the Veta Madre pit. In the beginning of 2023, the decision was made to suspend stripping activities at El Creston pit, until an underground mining trade-off study is completed. The trade-off study, expected to be completed in mid-2023, is being conducted to determine the most profitable and lowest risk path forward to mine the high-grade material at the bottom of El Creston pit. At the Veta Madre pit, permitting delays have resulted in approximately 80,000 ounces being removed from the current mine plan.

February 26, 2024 - La Colorada mine has been placed on care and maintenance due to the large capital required to pre-strip the mine.

Residual leaching will take place at La Colorada in 2024.

Owners

SourceSource
CompanyInterestOwnership
Argonaut Gold Inc. 100 % Indirect
Compania Minera Pitalla S.A. de C.V. (operator) 100 % Direct
The La Colorada mine is owned and operated by Minera Pitalla, S.A. de C.V. (Minera Pitalla), which is a subsidiary of Argonaut Gold Inc. (Argonaut).

Contractors

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Deposit type

  • Hydrothermal
  • Breccia pipe / Stockwork
  • Vein / narrow vein

Summary:

The La Colorada deposit is an atypical gold-silver deposit located in the centre of Sonora. It is not similar to the typical epithermal systems of the SMO with a marked northwest control and lesser northeast structures.

Fluid inclusion studies by Albinson (1997) indicated mineralizing temperatures for the deposit were mostly in the high 200°C to mid-300°C range and the system was a relatively hot epithermal environment. Albinson classified the veining at La Colorada as either deep epithermal or high level magmatic-mesothermal in origin. He went on to state that the system was likely related to shallow level plutons emplaced above a copper porphyry system. His studies also identified two styles of mineralization. The first was the main structurally-controlled primary hydrothermal quartz vein system with associated gold-silver and base metal mineralization. The second represented an overprinting supergene enrichment of gold. This younger gold event is hosted by cross cutting fractures with associated iron oxides. In the samples studied, he identified high-grade zones of coarse gold with oxides that filled cross cutting vugs and fractures. Albinson theorized that the gold was leached out of adjacent primary veins.

The La Colorada vein system is post-intrusive and post-skarn in age and may be termed either deep epithermal or high-level magmatic-mesothermal in origin and developed above a copper porphyry system.

The significant mineralized occurrences include the La Colorada/Gran Central, El Crestón, and Veta Madre deposits.

La Colorada/Gran Central Deposit
Gran Central is geologically similar to El Crestón-Minas Prietas, and also composed of quartz veins and stockworks localized within the Gran Central Fault system. Mineralization is mainly hosted in a diorite stock which contains roof pendants of siltstone and lesser calc-silicate hornfels. Quartz feldspar porphyry dikes up to 2 m in width cut the diorite. The youngest rocks are a few pre-mineral mafic dikes up to 2 m in thickness. At the eastern end of the deposit, the diorite is in fault contact with and covered by andesite rocks. The andesite is less altered and oxidized than the underlying diorite and unmineralized (Lewis, 1995). The historical underground workings extend to a depth of 300 m. The east-west trending Gran Central Fault is the main controlling structure and has a north dip averaging 50°. The Gran Central Fault consists of several subparallel splays, where quartz veins, stockworks and breccia zones are often associated with claychlorite gouge. Alteration minerals are similar to those found at El Crestón-Minas Prietas; however, calcite is a common gangue mineral and siderite veins and local amethyst are present (Lewis, 1995). Footwall rocks tend to be more heavily altered than hanging wall rocks. Fine native gold is present in the deposit. Sulphide minerals range between 1% and 3% by volume and are distributed within the unoxidized portions of the deposit. Sulphides include galena, sphalerite, lesser chalcopyrite, minor tetrahedrite, and traces of chalcocite and covellite.

Gold-bearing quartz veins and stockworks within the La Colorada vein system are hosted in an east-west-striking fault zone with a north dip averaging 45°. Veining is hosted by rhyolite porphyry and diorite rocks and is within the same dioritic stock which hosts the Gran Central deposit. The zone averages about 20 m thick. Lewis (1995) states that according to historical records, mineralization is terminated at a depth of approximately 200 m by a flat fault, below which nonmineralized granite is present. Mineralogy and alteration are similar to El Crestón-Minas Prietas. Mineralization is approximately 450 m along strike, 200 m wide, and 150 m in vertical extent.

The northeast striking quartz breccia/vein/stockwork zones are the main mineralization control in this deposit.

El Crestón
The El Crestón and Minas Prietas veins constitute the largest vein system on the La Colorada Project and were originally mined as separate deposits. These vein zones are now recognized as being part of the same mineralized system and are being developed as one mine. El Crestón refers to the central open pit area, while Minas Prietas is located within the eastern portion of the open pit. Mineralization is approximately 1,000 m along strike, 250 m wide, and 250 m in vertical extent.

The veins generally strike east to east-northeast, dipping an average of 75° N (Lewis, 1995). The veins have well-defined contacts and below the 100 m level are simple with few spurs and parallel veins. Typically, the best metal grades are found where the veins are thickest. Although the veins represent distinct mineralized zones, they coalesce and bifurcate in a subparallel series of principal veins and associated stockworks. Pre-mineral faulting created open fractures that were later filled by the vein systems. Minor post-mineral fault offsets of a few metres are common.

Lithologies in the El Crestón-Minas Prietas deposit include siltstone, shale, and chert of the Paleozoic Mine Sequence; diorite, monzonite and quartz feldspar porphyry of the intrusive suite; hornfels and skarn derived from the sedimentary sequence; and andesite (Lewis, 1995).

Alteration styles to varying degrees include hematization, the formation of manganese oxides, and silicification. Other reported alteration products include argillization, potassic alteration, sericitization, and chlorite alteration. Deep red hematite is a prominent and obvious feature of the mineralized system. Manganese oxides are reportedly associated with some of the higher gold values. Structurally, the Colorada Sur Fault is the main controlling feature. It has a variable easterly strike which has an average azimuth of 060° and dips vertically to steeply north.

Veta Madre
Veta Madre is located 1.5 km east of the El Crestón-Minas Prietas open pit and consists of a zone of extensive alteration associated with the Colorada Sureste Fault. Rock types include siltstone, diorite, monzonite, granite, rhyolite feldspar porphyry, and dacite. Argonaut drill programs have determined that a down-faulted, and generally higher-grade, portion of the vein system continues a significant distance to the west. Mineralization is approximately 500 m along strike, 200 m wide, and 200 m in vertical extent.

Reserves

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Mining Methods

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Comminution

Crushers and Mills

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Processing

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Production

CommodityUnits2022202120202019201820172016
Gold oz 0000000000000000000045,88650,79656,492
Silver oz 000000000000000000000000147,348174,330184,503
Gold Equivalent oz 0000000000000000000047,99153,28659,331
All production numbers are expressed as metal in doré.

Operational metrics

Metrics202220212020201920182017
Daily milling capacity 0000000000
Stripping / waste ratio 0000000000003.74 4.2
Ore tonnes mined 00000000000000004,926 kt4,492 kt
Waste 0000000000000000000018,416 kt18,864 kt
Total tonnes mined 0000000000000000000023,342 kt23,356 kt
Tonnes milled 00000000000000004,764 kt4,490 kt

Production Costs

CommodityUnits202220212020201920182017
Cash costs (sold) Gold USD 00000000 0000000 0000000 1,051 / oz   914 / oz   691 / oz  
All-in sustaining costs (sold) Gold USD 00000000
Net of By-Product.

Operating Costs

Currency2022
OP mining costs ($/t milled) USD 12.8  
Crushing costs ($/t milled) USD  ....  Subscribe
Processing costs ($/t milled) USD  ....  Subscribe
G&A ($/t milled) USD  ....  Subscribe

Financials

Units202220212020201920182017
Sustaining costs M USD  ....  Subscribe
Capital expenditures M USD  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe 5.7   18.8  
Revenue M USD  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe 62.4   65.3  
Operating Income M USD  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe 28   10.9  
Gross profit M USD  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe 7   12.9  

Heavy Mobile Equipment

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Personnel

Mine Management

Source Source
Job TitleNameProfileRef. Date
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required May 18, 2023
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EmployeesYear
Subscription required 2022
Subscription required 2021
Subscription required 2020

Aerial view:

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