Mining Intelligence and News

Battery Hill Project

Click for more information



Mine TypeOpen Pit
StagePreliminary Economic Assessment
  • Manganese
Mining Method
  • Truck & Shovel / Loader
Mine Life... Lock


Manganese X Energy Corp. 100 % Indirect
Manganese X holds 100% interest in Mineral Claim 5816 and Mineral Claim 5745 that are not contiguous with each other.

Deposit type

  • Sedimentary - Volcanogenic
  • Sedimentary


New Brunswick's manganese-iron occurrences have been divided into two broad types according to whether manganese mineralization is primary or secondary (Webb, 2008). The two divisions are further categorized on the basis of regional and localized geological setting. The Battery Hill deposits are considered to be of primary, sedimentary origin.

Manganese mineralization in primary manganese deposits develops syngenetically with deposition of the host rocks. Significant deposits of this type in New Brunswick occur in two geological settings:

• Silurian sedimentary rocks: manganese and iron mineralization resulting from oxidization of manganese and iron in ambient seawater during the deposition of sediments in marine basins.

• Ordovician volcanogenic–sedimentary rocks: manganese and iron mineralization derived largely from hydrothermal fluids associated with submarine volcanism.

Manganese is predominantly present at the Property in the form of the carbonate mineral rhodochrosite and iron occurs in both oxide (hematite, magnetite, and ilmenite) and carbonate minerals (predominantly siderite). The mineralization comprising the current Mineral Resource estimate has been classified by some past workers as being of the Algoma Type banded ironformation (BIF) group. More recent research reported by Way (2012) indicates that the Battery Hill Deposit and others within this stratigraphic setting can be most accurately classified as Clinton Type sedimentary iron deposits as defined by Gross (1996).

The manganese and iron mineralization of potential economic interest within the Property is bedded and stratiform in nature and is recognized as being of primary sedimentary origin. Manganese occurs predominantly in the form of the carbonate mineral rhodochrosite, and iron occurs in both oxide (hematite, magnetite, and ilmenite) and carbonate minerals

The manganese-iron mineralization encountered in the Battery Hill Property tends to be lenticular, stratiform and generally steeply dipping in form, having been shaped and thickened by tight folding and possible faulting. In the Iron Ore Hill area, tight folds with steep northwest plunges have been noted. In the Moody Hill historical open-cut workings, several folds showing shallow southerly plunges are present. Further detailed structural mapping is required to improve the structural interpretation of the area.

To date, five main areas of mineralization (mineral occurrences) have been defined within the Property, these being Wakefield, Maple Hill, Iron Ore Hill, Sharpe Farm and Moody Hill.

Wakefield Occurrence.

The Wakefield mineral occurrence occurs on the far northern extent of Mineral Claim 5816. This occurrence was one the of the original discoveries identified by C.T. Jackson during an 1836 geological mapping program (MacKinnon, 2020). Detailed work has not been completed for this mineral occurrence to date by Manganese X because it is located in a cultivated area near residential homes.

Maple Hill Occurrence.

The Maple Hill mineral occurrence is located 2 km south-southwest of the Wakefield occurrence in a wooded patch that measures approximately 175 to 200 m2 in area. Historical trenching on this occurrence exhibited less manganese-iron mineralization than seen at the Moody Hill or Iron Ore Hill occurrences, though higher grade material has been reported (MacKinnon, 2011). In comparing the known location of the occurrence to the geophysical response of the 2011 Globex magnetometer survey, the deposit is located on the extreme western edge of the magnetic field anomaly where response is weak to moderate compared to much of the rest of the anomaly. The large area of strongest response located on the eastern edge of the survey in the Maple Hill area has not yet been ground checked by Manganese X.

Iron Ore Hill Occurrence.

The Iron Ore Hill historical workings are located approximately 3 km south of the Maple Hill occurrence. In the early 1950’s, Stratmat identified a strong gravity anomaly measuring approximately 762 m in strike length. Globex’s 2011 magnetometer survey confirmed a similar sized anomaly centered on the Iron Ore Hill area. The historical workings are still visible at the site which produced approximately 63,502 t of iron (MacKinnon, 2020).

Sampling on and near the historical workings by Globex in 2010 confirmed the presence of higher grades of manganese than had been reported in previous testing, and also identified an abundance of lower grade material. As a result of this sampling, an additional 59 samples were collected, mainly along intermittent outcroppings in a ditch adjacent to the historical workings. Higher grade results were obtained from black, sub-metallic layers in the mixed, predominantly brick red and maroon alternating beds within the mineralized horizon. Maroon layers provided the next highest manganese grades.

Sharpe Farm Occurrence.

The Sharpe Farm occurrence is located southwest of the Iron Ore Hill occurrence. Sidwell (1957) described it as coinciding with a 792 m long gravity anomaly that is substantially weaker than the anomaly associated with the Iron Ore Hill occurrence. Two holes drilled at that time were reported to have intersected silicified slates showing an average width of 45.7 m with an average grade of 9% Mn.

The 2011 Globex magnetometer survey identified a moderate to strong circular anomaly with two smaller responses extending in a semi-continuous manner northeastward toward the Iron Ore Hill occurrence. This anomaly is the second strongest in the survey, after the Iron Ore Hill occurrence, and is over 400 m in diameter. Including the area between this and the Iron Ore Hill occurrence, the total length of the northeast-southwest trending anomaly is 700 m. Ground checking by Manganese X resulted in the discovery of a few historical trenches as the only evidence of historical workings (MacKinnon, 2012).

Moody Hill Occurrence.

Sidwell (1957) describes the Moody Hill occurrence as a 518 m long weak to moderate magnetometer survey anomaly compared to the Iron Ore Hill occurrence, with historical drilling results indicating a width of 251 m. Ground checking of the occurrence by Manganese X revealed several 1 to 5 m deep and up to 30 m long trenches. No samples collected at that time were analyzed but many of the rocks viewed appeared to be similar to units present at the Iron Ore Hill occurrence (MacKinnon, 2011).

Diamond drilling by Manganese X on the Moody Hill occurrence defined the spatial aspects of this significant manganese-iron deposit.



- subscription is required.

Mining Methods


- subscription is required.


Crushers and Mills


- subscription is required.



- subscription is required.


CommodityProductUnitsAvg. AnnualLOM
Manganese Metal in sulphate kt 1,017
Manganese sulfate monohydrate Crystals kt 683,178

Operational metrics

Daily ore mining rate  ....  Subscribe
Daily milling capacity  ....  Subscribe
Annual mining rate  ....  Subscribe
Annual ore mining rate  ....  Subscribe
Annual milling rate  ....  Subscribe
Stripping / waste ratio  ....  Subscribe
Waste tonnes, LOM  ....  Subscribe
Ore tonnes mined, LOM  ....  Subscribe
Total tonnes mined, LOM  ....  Subscribe
Tonnes milled, LOM  ....  Subscribe
* According to 2022 study.

Production Costs

Assumed price Manganese sulfate monohydrate USD  ....  Subscribe
* According to 2022 study / presentation.

Operating Costs

OP mining costs ($/t mined) CAD 8.77 *  
OP mining costs ($/t milled) CAD  ....  Subscribe
Processing costs ($/t milled) CAD  ....  Subscribe
G&A ($/t milled) CAD  ....  Subscribe
Total operating costs ($/t milled) CAD  ....  Subscribe
* According to 2022 study.

Project Costs

MetricsUnitsLOM Total
Initial CapEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Sustaining CapEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Closure costs $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Total CapEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
OP OpEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Processing OpEx $M USD 1,588
Transportation (haulage) costs $M USD 155.7
G&A costs $M USD 104.3
Total OpEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Mining Taxes $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Income Taxes $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Royalty payments $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Net revenue (LOM) $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Pre-tax Cash Flow (LOM) $M USD  ......  Subscribe
After-tax Cash Flow (LOM) $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Pre-tax NPV @ 10% $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Pre-tax NPV @ 8% $M USD  ......  Subscribe
After-tax NPV @ 10% $M USD  ......  Subscribe
After-tax NPV @ 8% $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Pre-tax IRR, %  ......  Subscribe
After-tax IRR, %  ......  Subscribe
Pre-tax payback period, years  ......  Subscribe
After-tax payback period, years  ......  Subscribe

Required Heavy Mobile Equipment


- subscription is required.


Mine Management

Job TitleNameProfileRef. Date
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Dec 30, 2023
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required May 12, 2022
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required May 12, 2022

Aerial view:


- subscription is required.