South Africa

Bafokeng Rasimone (BRPM) Mine

Click for more information



Mine TypeUnderground
  • PGM
  • Gold
  • Platinum
  • Palladium
  • Rhodium
Mining Method
  • Breast stoping with strike pillars
Production Start... Lock
Mine Life2050
ShapshotImpala Bafokeng, previously known as Royal Bafokeng Platinum, is a wholly owned subsidiary of Implats following its acquisition in 2023. Impala Bafokeng currently operates two mines, Bafokeng Rasimone Platinum Mine (BRPM) and Styldrift Mine (Styldrift), as well as two concentrators. The Maseve mining operations are under care and maintenance. At BRPM the Merensky and UG2 reefs are mined concurrently using conventional and hybrid mining methods.
Related AssetStyldrift


Impala Platinum Holdings Ltd. 98.73 % Indirect
Royal Bafokeng Resources (Pty) Ltd. (operator) 100 % Direct
The mining rights are held in the name of Royal Bafokeng Resources Proprietary Limited (RBR), a wholly owned subsidiary of Royal Bafokeng Platinum Ltd. (RBPlat).

Implats announced on 31 May 2023 that it had concluded an agreement with the government-owned Public Investment Corporation (PIC) to acquire RBPlat shares constituting approximately 9.26% of the RBPlat shares in issue. Consequently, Implats gained control of the majority of the shares in RBPlat and RBPlat became a subsidiary of Implats. On 30 June, all the Conditions Precedent as set out in the Implats Offer Circular were fulfilled. On 20 July, Northam announced its acceptance of the Implats Offer in respect of its 34.5% interest in RBPlat. The Implats Offer closed on 21 July and as at 28 July Implats held 98.73% of RBPlat.

Implats intends in order to compulsorily acquire all of the RBPlat Shares not already held by it, in which event RBPlat will become a wholly owned subsidiary of Implats.

Deposit type

  • Magmatic


RBPlat is located on the Western Limb of the BIC, one of the three main portions or limbs which all comprise similarities in their formation, economic potential and type of commodity. The Bushveld Complex formed approximately 2.04 billion years ago, comprising three main suites, namely the Rooiberg Group, Lebowa Granite Suite and the Rustenburg Layered Suite. The Rustenburg Layered Suite comprises four main zones (the upper, main, critical and lower zones) with each zone characterized by signature igneous intrusive layering, known as stratigraphy. The critical zone hosts the platinum group element (PGE) bearing reef (the economically important layer) types of the Merensky reef and the Upper Group 2 reef (UG2). RBPlat’s operations mines Merensky and UG2 reefs.

The western extremity of the Maseve ore body subcrops 190m below surface. The northern boundry is the operational Wesizwe Platinum’s mining right area, and the remainder of the ore body borders RBPlat operations.

Proximity of the basement (and possibly its paleotopography) to the Merensky and UG2, by and large influenced the geometry and succession of the local stratigraphy, which primarily resulted from local basement upliftment. Upliftment caused the folded or rolling nature of the stratigraphic geometries which are preserved as anticlines and synclines. The frequency of the rolling towards the west becomes narrower with steeper dips resulting in some of the stratigraphic units not developed. The implication of the folding and or rolling nature of the stratigraphy results in opposite dip directions (westerly and easterly) with wide ranges of dip-regimes that exist. The aforementioned is contrary to traditional narrow tabular Merensky and UG2 stratigraphy with recognized local changes in the planarity of the ore bodies, which are mostly related to the different fancies types.

The Merensky and UG2 reefs are both sulphide enriched with the Merensky reef being the main economic horizon mined at RBPlat. The PGMs (platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), rhodium (RH), osmium (Os), ruthenium (Ru)) as well as gold (Au) are found mostly within the sulphide minerals and include varieties of copper (Cu) and nickel (Ni) as accompanying base metals. The reef horizons dip towards the north-eastern direction between 50 and 120 . The steeper dips are in the north-eastern part of the Styldrift, with the shallower dips presents in the center and western of the farm.

The average depth of the Merensky reef is 505 metres below surface (mbs), with RBPlat having the advantage of being the Merensky reef dominant relatively mine. The newly operational Styldrift I shaft ore from a 50 dipping Merensky reef horizon at an average depth of 712mbs.

The Merensky reef across the RBPlat operational area comprises six different geological facies types, from west to east, namely the Abutment, Terrace, Central, Normal, Normal Thick and Main reef facies. Merensky reef facies delineation of the Maseve ore body ties in with the regional RBPl at Merensky reef facies; Abutment facies (divided into shallow Abutment, deep Abutment and transition to Terrace facies) on the most western side and Terrace facies further east towards the Styldrift I shaft area. Each facies type exhibits unique geological, geochemical and mineralization characteristics which has a fundamental role in planning the optimized mining method. The predominant facies type at Maseve Mine is the Abutment facies, which is commonly associated with intrusions.

The vertical separation between the Merensky and the UG2 reefs varies from an average 80m at BRPM to 50m around the Styldrift I shaft area and decreases to an estimated minimum of 25m in the far north-eastern region of the mining area (Styldrift II). This is due the overall thinning of the critical zone of the Bushveld Complex, in a north-eastern direction towards the Pilanesberg Complex. The UG2 ore body has been classified and subdivided into three main facies types based on the occurrence of the position of the leader UG2 chromitite bands in the hangingwall of the dominant mineralized main chromitite band. These facies variations are encountered on apparent dip in a north- eastern direction, ranging from the Central high facies, Leader facies and General facies, from the shallowest to deepest portions of the mining area. The predominant facies types are the Leader and General facies, which account for 85% of the total ore body.



- subscription is required.

Mining Methods


- subscription is required.


Crushers and Mills

Milling equipment has not been reported.



- subscription is required.


Gold oz 00000000
4E (Pt, Pd, Rh, Au) koz 000000000000266283275
6E (Pt,Pd,Rh,Au,Ir,Ru) koz 000000
Platinum koz 000000000173183177
All production numbers are expressed as metal in concentrate.

Operational metrics

Ore tonnes mined 00000000000000002,268 kt2,431 kt
Tonnes milled 00000000000000002,299 kt2,449 kt

Production Costs

Cash costs 6E (Pt,Pd,Rh,Au,Ir,Ru) 00000 00000
Cash costs 4E (Pt, Pd, Rh, Au) 00000 00000 00000 12,562 / oz  ZAR 10,468 / oz  ZAR 9,941 / oz  ZAR
Cash costs Platinum 19,427 / oz  ZAR 16,145 / oz  ZAR 15,414 / oz  ZAR

Operating Costs

Total operating costs ($/t milled) ZAR 1,733  1,581  1,508  1,361  1,213  1,149  1,177  


Capital expenditures M ZAR  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe 49   77  
Revenue M ZAR  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe 3,627  
Gross profit M ZAR  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe 342.1   331.6  
Pre-tax Income M ZAR  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe 476.9   414.3  
EBITDA M ZAR  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe
Operating Cash Flow M ZAR  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe  ....  Subscribe

Heavy Mobile Equipment

Fleet data has not been reported.


Mine Management

Source Source
Job TitleNameProfileRef. Date
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Oct 11, 2023
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Oct 11, 2023

EmployeesContractorsTotal WorkforceYear
Subscription required 2021
Subscription required 2020
Subscription required Subscription required Subscription required 2019
Subscription required Subscription required Subscription required 2018
Subscription required Subscription required Subscription required 2017
Subscription required Subscription required Subscription required 2016
Subscription required Subscription required Subscription required 2015
Subscription required Subscription required Subscription required 2014

Aerial view:


- subscription is required.