Urucum Mine

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Mine TypeUnderground
StatusTemporary Suspension
  • Iron Ore
  • Manganese
Mining Method
  • Room-and-pillar
Production Start... Lock
Mine Life... Lock
SnapshotMineração Corumbaense Reunida (MCR) operations include two mines in Corumbá, in Mato Grosso do Sul: Santa Cruz, for iron ore, and Urucum, the only underground manganese mine in operation in the region.

Urucum mine operations have been suspended since October 2021 due to strategic review.

In April 2022, Vale entered into a binding agreement with J&F Mineração Ltda. (“J&F”) for the sale of of all the shares issued by Mineração Corumbaense Reunida S.A., Mineração Mato Grosso S.A., International Iron Company, Inc. and Transbarge Navegación Sociedad Anónima, which hold Vale's iron ore, manganese ore and logistics assets in the Midwestern System. The agreed enterprise value of the transaction is approximately US$1.2 billion for the assets. At closing, Vale expects to receive approximately US$150 million, in addition to transferring to J&F the obligations related to the take-or-pay logistics contracts, subject to the consent of the applicable counterparties, and other liabilities existi
Related AssetMineracao Corumbaense Reunida(MCR)


J&F Mineração Ltda. 100 % Indirect
On April 6, 2022, Vale S.A. signed a binding agreement for the sale, to J&F Mineração Ltda., controlled by J&F Investimentos S.A., of all the shares issued by Mineração Corumbaense Reunida S.A., Mineração Mato Grosso S.A., International Iron Company, Inc. and Transbarge Navegación Sociedad Anónima, which hold Iron Ore, Manganese Ore and Logistics assets.

Deposit type

  • Banded iron formation


The Urucum deposits are associated with banded iron formations (BIF), locally known as jaspelites. The iron and manganese deposits are found in the plateaus which rise from the plains of the Paraguay River and near Mutum Mountain.

The sediments of the Urucúm Basin constitute an epicontinental marine sequence beginning with the basal Jacadigo Group that comprises clastic sediments with carbonatic matrix, overlain by iron-rich arkoses and Jaspilites with manganese layers (Band'Alta Formation), followed by the Corumba Group with limestones, dolomites slates and siltites (Cerradinho Formation) overlain by dark dolomites and limestone breccia of the Araras Formation. This sequence developed in a slow sinking basin with upward gradation from clastic to chemical sedimentation without volcanic contribution. Deposition of widespread iron and manganese rich sediments is due to sharp variation in the Eh conditions most probably under the influence of marine currents in a restricted basin partially protected from atmosphere by large ice caps.

The jaspilites of the Band'Alta Formation present a primary banding defined by planar layers and lenses of quartz and hematite, with variable thickness, from mm to cm. (Fig. 4d). Quartz is usually cryptocrystalline (chert) and hematite appears, similar to the Carajás jaspilites, as microcrystalline aggregates or as very fine platy crystals. Recrystallization of both hematite and quartz results in xenoblastic aggregates that occur discontinuously. Near to the contact with manganese layers hematite may also appear intergrown with cryptomelane (Schneider 1984). Martite is also present in form of hypidiomorphic to idiomorphic crystals as individuals and aggregates. Fine clastic components are common at the base of the sequence but are also present as layers and lenses in the upper levels. Erratic blocks of glacial origin are quite frequent. The most puzzling feature is the presence of small hematitechert ellipsoidal concretions with variable diameter (few mm to several cm), displaying a concentric structure similar to oolites. They are always aligned on the banding and own their shape to differential compaction. Thicker levels of primary high-grade ores occur in the whole sequence. In these layers, banding is less conspicuous, defined by slight variation in the proportions of quartz (chert) and hematite. Superficial leaching of the quartz leads to the development of a very high grade ore especially suitable to direct reduction plants.



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Mining Methods


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Crushers and Mills

Milling equipment has not been reported.



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Production data for 2022 cannot be published due to a change in ownership of the Operation.
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All production numbers are expressed as lump & fines.

Production Costs

Commodity production costs have not been reported.

Heavy Mobile Equipment

Fleet data has not been reported.


Mine Management

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....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Sep 28, 2023

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