DANF Santiago (Bonfim) Project

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Mine TypeOpen Pit
  • Phosphate rock
Mining Method
  • Truck & Shovel / Loader
Mine Life... Lock


Geofoscal Comérico, Indústria... 100 % Indirect
FENGRO Industries Corp. Extraordinary General meeting approved the sale of Dusolo Mineração Ltda. to Geofoscal Comérico, Indústria, Representações e Transporte de Produtos Agropecuários Ltda on October 21, 2019.

Deposit type

  • Sedimentary


Mineral exploration work and exploratory drilling was intensified since the last report. Re-interpretations were undertaken and, because of the various types of mineralization present, which display a large range of phosphate concentrations, the mineralization was separated into two principal groups: high grade (HG) and low grade (LG).

A value of =10% P2O5 was adopted for the DANF Santiago Project in order to designate the HG mineralization, which was referred to as the phosphorites group. Rocks that contained concentrations below that value, but above 3% P2O5, are referred to herein as LG mineralization, which are simply referred to as phosphatic rocks. The company has studied and continues to study processes for the separation and concentration of the low-grade material, which would increase the economic potential of the LG mineralization in the deposit. Although the literature defines phosphorite as having grades that are quite higher than those that were adopted by the company, the limit of 10% that was applied herein sought to provide objectivity and be compatible with the processing routes that were evaluated.

High grade (phosphorite): The rocks that are included in this group can be separated into brecciated, laminated and clayey phosphorite.

Low grade (phosphated rocks): Within the study area, this category of rock is the most abundant. These rocks include various kinds of siltites that vary from being solid to having either parallel or wavy lamination. They are friable, heavily weathered and have brown and yellow colorations (Figure 7.3_4). The presence of manganese is very common within the planes of micro-fissures, as well as along the laminae. It was shown that certain pores contained apatite. These rocks differ from the phosphorites in their friability and low densities.

Mineralization at Bomfim is classified as of a shallow nature, restricted to nearshore environments. These giant phosphorites generally formed in distal shelf environments in association with coastal upwelling (Pufahl 2010). At Bomfim, storms waves and tidal currents swept the seafloor and flood channels, re-working the pristine phosphorite producing phosphatic intraclasts that can be concentrated into beds or lags. Depending on the degree of re-working granular phosphorite can be matrix or grain supported (Pufahl 2010). Later, uplift and erosion exposed the phosphatic sediments, tropical weathering leads to lateritization, which process removes some minerals and results in the concentration of residual elements, including phosphorus.



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Mining Methods


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Crushers and Mills


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CommodityUnitsAvg. AnnualLOM
All production numbers are expressed as ore.

Operational metrics

Annual processing capacity 280,000 t *
Annual processing rate 100,000 t *
Stripping / waste ratio 1.56 *
Waste tonnes, LOM 865 kt *
Ore tonnes mined, LOM 1,178 kt *
Total tonnes mined, LOM 2,043 kt *
* According to 2016 study.

Production Costs

Total cash costs Phosphate rock USD 18.5 / t *  USD
Assumed price Phosphate rock USD 42 / t *  USD
* According to 2016 study / presentation.

Operating Costs

OP mining costs ($/t mined) USD 10.4 *  
Processing costs ($/t milled) USD  ....  Subscribe
* According to 2016 study.

Project Costs

MetricsUnitsLOM Total
Total CapEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
OP OpEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Processing OpEx $M USD 0.5
G&A costs $M USD 0.3
Total OpEx $M USD  ......  Subscribe
Net Income (LOM) $M USD  ......  Subscribe
After-tax Cash Flow (LOM) $M USD  ......  Subscribe
After-tax NPV @ 10% $M USD  ......  Subscribe

Heavy Mobile Equipment

Fleet data has not been reported.


Mine Management

Job TitleNameProfileRef. Date
....................... Subscription required ....................... Subscription required Subscription required Sep 1, 2016


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